Caesarea Maritima” was established by King Herod the Great in the first Century and became a major port for over 1200 years. Its manmade port was the biggest ever buit in Roman times and could accomodate three hundred vessels. The city itself was design with intersecting street at even angles, To further ingratiate the Roman ruler, Herod desinged a hill facing the port as a sacred Temenos, were he erected a temple in honor of Augustus and the city of Rome (The Augusteum). In Byzantine times the Temple was replaced by a church, and late by a mosque in Muslim times. The last use of the hill was as a Crusaders Catherdral.


South of the port Herod designed a promontory palace that juts out into  the Mediterranean Sea. Its interior included a carved out pool of the natural bedrock. After the death of Herod his palace was used by Roman governers, and being so, Apostle Paul was probably imprisoned on the grounds of this palace, and perhaps wrote some of his epistles during that time. 

To provide Caesarea with sufficiant fresh water, Herod designed an aquaductum that delivered water from several springs below the Carmel Mountain. Part of the aquaduct was constructed parallel to the Mediterranean sea, and its well preserved remains are a popular stop.

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