Located along the northern Shore of the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum was a small fishing village since Hellenistic times. The Gospels record Jesus settling in Capernaum after his Baptism and rejection in his Hometown – Nazareth. In Capernaum Jesus recruited his Disciples; In Capernaum Jesus healed several people (a man possessed by an unclean spirit, a servant of a Centurion, a paralytic, and the Mother in Law of Peter); in the Synagogue of Capernaum Jesus taught; and on a hill near Capernaum Jesus preached “The Sermon on the Mount“.
Today the site bears impressive remains of a Byzantine era Basilical synagogue all built in white limestone; an ancient Octagonal church believed to be built over the house of the Mother in Law of Peter; and homes that attest to a general orthogonal plan of the village.
The eastern side of the site is held by the Greek-Orthodox church whose nicely desgined church is devoted to the Disciples of Jesus.
Near Capernaum are several historical sites that relate to Jesus and his ministry: Bethsaidah; Chorazin; Mount of Beatitudes; Church of the Primacy of Peter; Church of the Miracle of the multiplication of loaves and fish; and the site of the “Miracle of the Swine” (Kursi).